These functions are declared in the following header file. Link with allegro_audio.

 #include <allegro5/allegro_audio.h>

In order to just play some samples, here's how to quick start with Allegro's audio addon: Call al_reserve_samples with the number of samples you'd like to be able to play simultaneously (don't forget to call al_install_audio beforehand). If these succeed, you can now call al_play_sample, with data obtained by al_load_sample, for example (don't forget to initialize the acodec addon). You don't need to worry about voices, mixers or sample instances when using this approach. In order to stop samples, you can use the ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID that al_play_sample returns.

If you want to play large audio files (e.g. background music) without loading the whole file at once or if you want to output audio generated in real-time, you can use Allegro's audio streams. The easiest way to setup an audio stream is to attach it to the default mixer (created for you by al_reserve_samples) using al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer on the return value of al_get_default_mixer. Allegro will feed streams created from files using al_load_audio_stream automatically. However, you can also stream audio data you generate on the fly. In this case, audio streams will emit an event when it's time to provide the next fragment (chunk) of audio data. You can control several playback parameters of audio streams (speed, gain, pan, playmode, played/paused; additionally position and loop points when streaming a file).

For more fine-grained control over audio output, here's a short description of the basic concepts:

Voices represent audio devices on the system. Basically, every audio output chain that you want to be heard needs to end up in a voice. As voices are on the hardware/driver side of things, there is only limited control over their parameters (frequency, sample format, channel configuration). The number of available voices is limited as well. Typically, you will only use one voice and attach a mixer to it. Calling al_reserve_samples will do this for you by setting up a default voice and mixer; it can also be achieved by calling al_restore_default_mixer. Although you can attach sample instances and audio streams directly to a voice without using a mixer, it is, as of now, not recommended. In contrast to mixers, you can only attach a single object to a voice anyway.

Mixers mix several sample instances and/or audio streams into a single output buffer, converting sample data with differing formats according to their output parameters (frequency, depth, channels) in the process. In order to play several samples/streams at once reliably, you will need at least one mixer. A mixer that is not (indirectly) attached to a voice will remain silent. For most use cases, one (default) mixer attached to a single voice will be sufficient. You may attach mixers to other mixers in order to create complex audio chains.

Samples (ALLEGRO_SAMPLE) just represent "passive" buffers for sample data in memory. In order to play a sample, a sample instance (ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE) needs to be created and attached to a mixer (or voice). Sample instances control how the underlying samples are played. Several playback parameters (position, speed, gain, pan, playmode, playing/paused) can be adjusted. Particularly, multiple instances may be created from the same sample, e.g. with different parameters.

Audio streams (see above) are similar to sample instances insofar as they respond to the same playback parameters and have to be attached to mixers or voices. A single audio stream can only be played once simultaneously.

For example, consider the following configuration of the audio system.

ALLEGRO_VOICE* voice = al_create_voice(44100, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_INT16,
    ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF_2);

ALLEGRO_MIXER* mixer_1 = al_create_mixer(44100, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_FLOAT32,
    ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF_2);
ALLEGRO_MIXER* mixer_2 = al_create_mixer(44100, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_FLOAT32,
    ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF_2);

/* Load a stream, the stream starts in a playing state and just needs
 * to be attached to actually output sound. */
ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM* stream = al_load_audio_stream("music.ogg", 4, 2048);

/* The sample needs sample instances to output sound. */
ALLEGRO_SAMPLE* sample = al_load_sample("sound.wav")
ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE* instance_1 = al_create_sample_instance(sample);
ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE* instance_2 = al_create_sample_instance(sample);

/* Attach everything up (see diagram). */
al_attach_mixer_to_voice(mixer_1, voice);
al_attach_mixer_to_mixer(mixer_2, mixer_1);
al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer(stream, mixer_1);
al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer(instance_1, mixer_2);
al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer(instance_2, mixer_2);

/* Play two copies of the sound simultaneously. */
al_set_sample_instance_playing(instance_1, true);
al_set_sample_instance_playing(instance_2, true);
An example configuration of the audio system to play music and a sound.

An example configuration of the audio system to play music and a sound.

Since we have two mixers, with the sample instances connected to a different mixer than the audio stream, you can control the volume of all the instances independently from the music by setting the gain of the mixer / stream. Having two sample instances lets you play two copies of the sample simultaneously.

With this in mind, another look at al_reserve_samples and al_play_sample is due: What the former does internally is to create a specified number of sample instances that are "empty" at first, i.e. with no sample data set. When al_play_sample is called, it'll use one of these internal sample instances that is not currently playing to play the requested sample. All of these sample instances will be attached to the default mixer, which can be changed via al_set_default_mixer.

See Audio recording for Allegro's audio recording API, which is, as of now, still unstable and subject to change.

Audio types

Events sent by al_get_audio_stream_event_source or al_get_audio_recorder_event_source.

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_EVENT_TYPE

enum ALLEGRO_AUDIO_EVENT_TYPE

Source Code

ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FRAGMENT

Sent when a stream fragment is ready to be filled in. See al_get_audio_stream_fragment.

ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FINISHED

Sent when a stream is finished.

ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_RECORDER_FRAGMENT

Sent after a user-specified number of samples have been recorded. Convert this to ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT via al_get_audio_recorder_event.

You must always check the values for the buffer and samples as they are not guaranteed to be exactly what was originally specified.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH

enum ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH

Source Code

Sample depth and type as well as signedness. Mixers only use 32-bit signed float (-1..+1), or 16-bit signed integers. Signedness is determined by an "unsigned" bit-flag applied to the depth value.

For convenience:

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE

#define ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE      (-1000.0f)

Source Code

A special value for the pan property of sample instances and audio streams. Use this value to disable panning on sample instances and audio streams, and play them without attentuation implied by panning support.

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE is different from a pan value of 0.0 (centered) because, when panning is enabled, we try to maintain a constant sound power level as a sample is panned from left to right. A sound coming out of one speaker should sound as loud as it does when split over two speakers. As a consequence, a sample with pan value 0.0 will be 3 dB softer than the original level.

(Please correct us if this is wrong.)

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF

enum ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF

Source Code

Speaker configuration (mono, stereo, 2.1, etc).

ALLEGRO_MIXER

typedef struct ALLEGRO_MIXER ALLEGRO_MIXER;

Source Code

A mixer mixes together attached streams into a single buffer. In the process, it converts channel configurations, sample frequencies and audio depths of the attached sample instances and audio streams accordingly. You can control the quality of this conversion using ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY.

When going from mono to stereo (and above), the mixer reduces the volume of both channels by sqrt(2). When going from stereo (and above) to mono, the mixer reduces the volume of the left and right channels by sqrt(2) before adding them to the center channel (if present).

ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY

enum ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY

Source Code

ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE

enum ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE

Source Code

Sample and stream playback mode.

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID

typedef struct ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID;

Source Code

An ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID represents a sample being played via al_play_sample. It can be used to later stop the sample with al_stop_sample. The underlying ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE can be extracted using al_lock_sample_id.

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE

typedef struct ALLEGRO_SAMPLE ALLEGRO_SAMPLE;

Source Code

An ALLEGRO_SAMPLE object stores the data necessary for playing pre-defined digital audio. It holds a user-specified PCM data buffer and information about its format (data length, depth, frequency, channel configuration). You can have the same ALLEGRO_SAMPLE playing multiple times simultaneously.

See also: ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE

typedef struct ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE;

Source Code

An ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE object represents a playable instance of a predefined sound effect. It holds information about how the effect should be played: These playback parameters consist of the looping mode, loop start/end points, playing position, speed, gain, pan and the playmode. Whether a sample instance is currently playing or paused is also one of its properties.

An instance uses the data from an ALLEGRO_SAMPLE object. Multiple instances may be created from the same ALLEGRO_SAMPLE. An ALLEGRO_SAMPLE must not be destroyed while there are instances which reference it.

To actually produce audio output, an ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE must be attached to an ALLEGRO_MIXER which eventually reaches an ALLEGRO_VOICE object.

See also: ALLEGRO_SAMPLE

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM

typedef struct ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM;

Source Code

An ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM object is used to stream generated audio to the sound device, in real-time. This is done by reading from a buffer, which is split into a number of fragments. Whenever a fragment has finished playing, the user can refill it with new data.

As with ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE objects, streams store information necessary for playback, so you may not play the same stream multiple times simultaneously. Streams also need to be attached to an ALLEGRO_MIXER, which, eventually, reaches an ALLEGRO_VOICE object.

While playing, you must periodically fill fragments with new audio data. To know when a new fragment is ready to be filled, you can either directly check with al_get_available_audio_stream_fragments, or listen to events from the stream.

You can register an audio stream event source to an event queue; see al_get_audio_stream_event_source. An ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FRAGMENT event is generated whenever a new fragment is ready. When you receive an event, use al_get_audio_stream_fragment to obtain a pointer to the fragment to be filled. The size and format are determined by the parameters passed to al_create_audio_stream.

If you're late with supplying new data, the stream will be silent until new data is provided. You must call al_drain_audio_stream when you're finished with supplying data to the stream.

If the stream is created by al_load_audio_stream then it will also generate an ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FINISHED event if it reaches the end of the file and is not set to loop.

ALLEGRO_VOICE

typedef struct ALLEGRO_VOICE ALLEGRO_VOICE;

Source Code

A voice represents an audio device on the system, which may be a real device, or an abstract device provided by the operating system. To play back audio, you would attach a mixer, sample instance or audio stream to a voice.

See also: ALLEGRO_MIXER, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM

Setting up audio

al_install_audio

bool al_install_audio(void)

Source Code

Install the audio subsystem.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

Note: most users will call al_reserve_samples and al_init_acodec_addon after this.

See also: al_reserve_samples, al_uninstall_audio, al_is_audio_installed, al_init_acodec_addon

al_uninstall_audio

void al_uninstall_audio(void)

Source Code

Uninstalls the audio subsystem.

See also: al_install_audio

al_is_audio_installed

bool al_is_audio_installed(void)

Source Code

Returns true if al_install_audio was called previously and returned successfully.

al_reserve_samples

bool al_reserve_samples(int reserve_samples)

Source Code

Reserves a number of sample instances, attaching them to the default mixer. If no default mixer is set when this function is called, then it will create one and attach it to the default voice. If no default voice has been set, it, too, will be created.

If you call this function a second time with a smaller number of samples, then the excess internal sample instances will be destroyed causing some sounds to stop and some instances returned by al_lock_sample_id to be invalidated.

This diagram illustrates the structures that are set up:

                                      sample instance 1
                                    / sample instance 2
default voice <-- default mixer <---         .
                                    \        .
                                      sample instance N

Returns true on success, false on error. al_install_audio must have been called first.

See also: al_set_default_mixer, al_play_sample

Misc audio functions

al_get_allegro_audio_version

uint32_t al_get_allegro_audio_version(void)

Source Code

Returns the (compiled) version of the addon, in the same format as al_get_allegro_version.

al_get_audio_depth_size

size_t al_get_audio_depth_size(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth)

Source Code

Return the size of a sample, in bytes, for the given format. The format is one of the values listed under ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH.

al_get_channel_count

size_t al_get_channel_count(ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF conf)

Source Code

Return the number of channels for the given channel configuration, which is one of the values listed under ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF.

al_fill_silence

void al_fill_silence(void *buf, unsigned int samples,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf)

Source Code

Fill a buffer with silence, for the given format and channel configuration. The buffer must have enough space for the given number of samples, and be properly aligned.

Since: 5.1.8

Voice functions

al_create_voice

ALLEGRO_VOICE *al_create_voice(unsigned int freq,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf)

Source Code

Creates a voice structure and allocates a voice from the digital sound driver. The passed frequency (in Hz), sample format and channel configuration are used as a hint to what kind of data will be sent to the voice. However, the underlying sound driver is free to use non-matching values. For example, it may be the native format of the sound hardware.

If a mixer is attached to the voice, the mixer will handle the conversion of all its input streams to the voice format and care does not have to be taken for this. However if you access the voice directly, make sure to not rely on the parameters passed to this function, but instead query the returned voice for the actual settings.

See also: al_destroy_voice

al_destroy_voice

void al_destroy_voice(ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Destroys the voice and deallocates it from the digital driver. Does nothing if the voice is NULL.

See also: al_create_voice

al_detach_voice

void al_detach_voice(ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Detaches the mixer, sample instance or audio stream from the voice.

See also: al_attach_mixer_to_voice, al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice, al_attach_audio_stream_to_voice

al_attach_audio_stream_to_voice

bool al_attach_audio_stream_to_voice(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream,
   ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Attaches an audio stream to a voice. The same rules as al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice apply. This may fail if the driver can't create a voice with the buffer count and buffer size the stream uses.

An audio stream attached directly to a voice has a number of limitations: The audio stream plays immediately and cannot be stopped. The stream position, speed, gain and panning cannot be changed. At this time, we don't recommend attaching audio streams directly to voices. Use a mixer inbetween.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_detach_voice

al_attach_mixer_to_voice

bool al_attach_mixer_to_voice(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer, ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Attaches a mixer to a voice. It must have the same frequency and channel configuration, but the depth may be different.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_detach_voice

al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice

bool al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl,
   ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Attaches a sample instance to a voice, and allows it to play. The instance's gain and loop mode will be ignored, and it must have the same frequency, channel configuration and depth (including signed-ness) as the voice. This function may fail if the selected driver doesn't support preloading sample data.

At this time, we don't recommend attaching sample instances directly to voices. Use a mixer inbetween.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_detach_voice

al_get_voice_frequency

unsigned int al_get_voice_frequency(const ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Return the frequency of the voice (in Hz), e.g. 44100.

al_get_voice_channels

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF al_get_voice_channels(const ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Return the channel configuration of the voice.

See also: ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF.

al_get_voice_depth

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH al_get_voice_depth(const ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Return the audio depth of the voice.

See also: ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH.

al_get_voice_playing

bool al_get_voice_playing(const ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

Return true if the voice is currently playing.

See also: al_set_voice_playing

al_set_voice_playing

bool al_set_voice_playing(ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice, bool val)

Source Code

Change whether a voice is playing or not. This can only work if the voice has a non-streaming object attached to it, e.g. a sample instance. On success the voice's current sample position is reset.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_voice_playing

al_get_voice_position

unsigned int al_get_voice_position(const ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

When the voice has a non-streaming object attached to it, e.g. a sample, returns the voice's current sample position. Otherwise, returns zero.

See also: al_set_voice_position.

al_set_voice_position

bool al_set_voice_position(ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice, unsigned int val)

Source Code

Set the voice position. This can only work if the voice has a non-streaming object attached to it, e.g. a sample instance.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_voice_position.

Sample functions

al_create_sample

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *al_create_sample(void *buf, unsigned int samples,
   unsigned int freq, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth,
   ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf, bool free_buf)

Source Code

Create a sample data structure from the supplied buffer. If free_buf is true then the buffer will be freed with al_free when the sample data structure is destroyed. For portability (especially Windows), the buffer should have been allocated with al_malloc. Otherwise you should free the sample data yourself.

To allocate a buffer of the correct size, you can use something like this:

int sample_size = al_get_channel_count(chan_conf)
                  * al_get_audio_depth_size(depth);
int bytes = samples * sample_size;
void *buffer = al_malloc(bytes);

See also: al_destroy_sample, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF

al_destroy_sample

void al_destroy_sample(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Free the sample data structure. If it was created with the free_buf parameter set to true, then the buffer will be freed with al_free.

This function will stop any sample instances which may be playing the buffer referenced by the ALLEGRO_SAMPLE.

See also: al_destroy_sample_instance, al_stop_sample, al_stop_samples

al_play_sample

bool al_play_sample(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl, float gain, float pan, float speed,
   ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE loop, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID *ret_id)

Source Code

Plays a sample on one of the sample instances created by al_reserve_samples. Returns true on success, false on failure. Playback may fail because all the reserved sample instances are currently used.

Parameters:

See also: ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID, al_stop_sample, al_stop_samples, al_lock_sample_id.

al_stop_sample

void al_stop_sample(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID *spl_id)

Source Code

Stop the sample started by al_play_sample.

See also: al_stop_samples

al_lock_sample_id

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE* al_lock_sample_id(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID *spl_id)

Source Code

Locks a ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID, returning the underlying ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE. This allows you to adjust the various properties of the instance (such as volume, pan, etc) while the sound is playing.

This function will return NULL if the sound corresponding to the id is no longer playing.

While locked, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID will be unavailable to additional calls to al_play_sample, even if the sound stops while locked. To put the ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID back into the pool for reuse, make sure to call al_unlock_sample_id when you're done with the instance.

See also: al_play_sample, al_unlock_sample_id

Since: 5.2.3

Unstable API: New API.

al_unlock_sample_id

void al_unlock_sample_id(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID *spl_id)

Source Code

Unlocks a ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_ID, allowing future calls to al_play_sample to reuse it if possible. Note that after the id is unlocked, the ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE that was previously returned by al_lock_sample_id will possibly be playing a different sound, so you should only use it after locking the id again.

See also: al_play_sample, al_lock_sample_id

Since: 5.2.3

Unstable API: New API.

al_stop_samples

void al_stop_samples(void)

Source Code

Stop all samples started by al_play_sample.

See also: al_stop_sample

al_get_sample_channels

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF al_get_sample_channels(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Return the channel configuration of the sample.

See also: ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF, al_get_sample_depth, al_get_sample_frequency, al_get_sample_length, al_get_sample_data

al_get_sample_depth

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH al_get_sample_depth(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Return the audio depth of the sample.

See also: ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH, al_get_sample_channels, al_get_sample_frequency, al_get_sample_length, al_get_sample_data

al_get_sample_frequency

unsigned int al_get_sample_frequency(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Return the frequency (in Hz) of the sample.

See also: al_get_sample_channels, al_get_sample_depth, al_get_sample_length, al_get_sample_data

al_get_sample_length

unsigned int al_get_sample_length(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Return the length of the sample in sample values.

See also: al_get_sample_channels, al_get_sample_depth, al_get_sample_frequency, al_get_sample_data

al_get_sample_data

void *al_get_sample_data(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Return a pointer to the raw sample data.

See also: al_get_sample_channels, al_get_sample_depth, al_get_sample_frequency, al_get_sample_length

Sample instance functions

al_create_sample_instance

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *al_create_sample_instance(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *sample_data)

Source Code

Creates a sample instance, using the supplied sample data. The instance must be attached to a mixer (or voice) in order to actually produce output.

The argument may be NULL. You can then set the sample data later with al_set_sample.

See also: al_destroy_sample_instance

al_destroy_sample_instance

void al_destroy_sample_instance(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Detaches the sample instance from anything it may be attached to and frees it (the sample data, i.e. its ALLEGRO_SAMPLE, is not freed!).

See also: al_create_sample_instance

al_play_sample_instance

bool al_play_sample_instance(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Play the sample instance. Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_stop_sample_instance

al_stop_sample_instance

bool al_stop_sample_instance(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Stop an sample instance playing.

See also: al_play_sample_instance

al_get_sample_instance_channels

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF al_get_sample_instance_channels(
   const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the channel configuration of the sample instance's sample data.

See also: ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF.

al_get_sample_instance_depth

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH al_get_sample_instance_depth(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the audio depth of the sample instance's sample data.

See also: ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH.

al_get_sample_instance_frequency

unsigned int al_get_sample_instance_frequency(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the frequency (in Hz) of the sample instance's sample data.

al_get_sample_instance_length

unsigned int al_get_sample_instance_length(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the length of the sample instance in sample values. This property may differ from the length of the instance's sample data.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_length, al_get_sample_instance_time

al_set_sample_instance_length

bool al_set_sample_instance_length(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl,
   unsigned int val)

Source Code

Set the length of the sample instance in sample values. This can be used to play only parts of the underlying sample. Be careful not to exceed the actual length of the sample data, though.

Return true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the sample instance is currently playing.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_length

al_get_sample_instance_position

unsigned int al_get_sample_instance_position(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Get the playback position of a sample instance.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_position

al_set_sample_instance_position

bool al_set_sample_instance_position(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl,
   unsigned int val)

Source Code

Set the playback position of a sample instance.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_position

al_get_sample_instance_speed

float al_get_sample_instance_speed(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the relative playback speed of the sample instance.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_speed

al_set_sample_instance_speed

bool al_set_sample_instance_speed(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, float val)

Source Code

Set the relative playback speed of the sample instance. 1.0 means normal speed.

Return true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the sample instance is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_speed

al_get_sample_instance_gain

float al_get_sample_instance_gain(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the playback gain of the sample instance.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_gain

al_set_sample_instance_gain

bool al_set_sample_instance_gain(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, float val)

Source Code

Set the playback gain of the sample instance.

Returns true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the sample instance is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_gain

al_get_sample_instance_pan

float al_get_sample_instance_pan(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Get the pan value of the sample instance.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_pan.

al_set_sample_instance_pan

bool al_set_sample_instance_pan(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, float val)

Source Code

Set the pan value on a sample instance. A value of -1.0 means to play the sample only through the left speaker; +1.0 means only through the right speaker; 0.0 means the sample is centre balanced. A special value ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE disables panning and plays the sample at its original level. This will be louder than a pan value of 0.0.

Note: panning samples with more than two channels doesn't work yet.

Returns true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the sample instance is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_pan, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE

al_get_sample_instance_time

float al_get_sample_instance_time(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the length of the sample instance in seconds, assuming a playback speed of 1.0.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_length

al_get_sample_instance_playmode

ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE al_get_sample_instance_playmode(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the playback mode of the sample instance.

See also: ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE, al_set_sample_instance_playmode

al_set_sample_instance_playmode

bool al_set_sample_instance_playmode(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl,
   ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE val)

Source Code

Set the playback mode of the sample instance.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE, al_get_sample_instance_playmode

al_get_sample_instance_playing

bool al_get_sample_instance_playing(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return true if the sample instance is in the playing state. This may be true even if the instance is not attached to anything.

See also: al_set_sample_instance_playing

al_set_sample_instance_playing

bool al_set_sample_instance_playing(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, bool val)

Source Code

Change whether the sample instance is playing.

The instance does not need to be attached to anything (since: 5.1.8).

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_sample_instance_playing

al_get_sample_instance_attached

bool al_get_sample_instance_attached(const ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return whether the sample instance is attached to something.

See also: al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer, al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice, al_detach_sample_instance

al_detach_sample_instance

bool al_detach_sample_instance(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Detach the sample instance from whatever it's attached to, if anything.

Returns true on success.

See also: al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer, al_attach_sample_instance_to_voice, al_get_sample_instance_attached

al_get_sample

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *al_get_sample(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl)

Source Code

Return the sample data that the sample instance plays.

Note this returns a pointer to an internal structure, not the ALLEGRO_SAMPLE that you may have passed to al_set_sample. However, the sample buffer of the returned ALLEGRO_SAMPLE will be the same as the one that was used to create the sample (passed to al_create_sample). You can use al_get_sample_data on the return value to retrieve and compare it.

See also: al_set_sample

al_set_sample

bool al_set_sample(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *data)

Source Code

Change the sample data that a sample instance plays. This can be quite an involved process.

First, the sample is stopped if it is not already.

Next, if data is NULL, the sample is detached from its parent (if any).

If data is not NULL, the sample may be detached and reattached to its parent (if any). This is not necessary if the old sample data and new sample data have the same frequency, depth and channel configuration. Reattaching may not always succeed.

On success, the sample remains stopped. The playback position and loop end points are reset to their default values. The loop mode remains unchanged.

Returns true on success, false on failure. On failure, the sample will be stopped and detached from its parent.

See also: al_get_sample

al_set_sample_instance_channel_matrix

bool al_set_sample_instance_channel_matrix(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl, const float *matrix)

Source Code

Set the matrix used to mix the channels coming from this instance into the mixer it is attached to. Normally Allegro derives the values of this matrix from the gain and pan settings, as well as the channel configurations of this instance and the mixer it is attached to, but this allows you override that default value. Note that if you do set gain or pan of this instance or the mixer it is attached to, you'll need to call this function again.

The matrix has mixer channel rows and sample channel columns, and is row major. For example, if you have a stereo sample instance and want to mix it to a 5.1 mixer you could use this code:

float matrix[] = {
    0.5, 0.0, /* Half left to front left */
    0.0, 0.5, /* Half right to front right */
    0.5, 0.0, /* Half left to rear left */
    0.0, 0.5, /* Half right to rear right */
    0.1, 0.1, /* Mix left and right for center */
    0.1, 0.1, /* Mix left and right for center */
};

al_set_sample_instance_channel_matrix(instance, matrix);

Returns true on success, false on failure (e.g. if this is not attached to a mixer).

Since: 5.2.3

Unstable API: New API.

Mixer functions

al_create_mixer

ALLEGRO_MIXER *al_create_mixer(unsigned int freq,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf)

Source Code

Creates a mixer to attach sample instances, audio streams, or other mixers to. It will mix into a buffer at the requested frequency (in Hz) and channel count.

The only supported audio depths are ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_FLOAT32 and ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_INT16 (not yet complete).

To actually produce any output, the mixer will have to be attached to a voice.

Returns true on success, false on error.

See also: al_destroy_mixer, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF

al_destroy_mixer

void al_destroy_mixer(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Destroys the mixer.

See also: al_create_mixer

al_get_default_mixer

ALLEGRO_MIXER *al_get_default_mixer(void)

Source Code

Return the default mixer, or NULL if one has not been set. Although different configurations of mixers and voices can be used, in most cases a single mixer attached to a voice is what you want. The default mixer is used by al_play_sample.

See also: al_reserve_samples, al_play_sample, al_set_default_mixer, al_restore_default_mixer

al_set_default_mixer

bool al_set_default_mixer(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Sets the default mixer. All samples started with al_play_sample will be stopped and all sample instances returned by al_lock_sample_id will be invalidated. If you are using your own mixer, this should be called before al_reserve_samples.

Returns true on success, false on error.

See also: al_reserve_samples, al_play_sample, al_get_default_mixer, al_restore_default_mixer

al_restore_default_mixer

bool al_restore_default_mixer(void)

Source Code

Restores Allegro's default mixer and attaches it to the default voice. If the default mixer hasn't been created before, it will be created. If the default voice hasn't been set via al_set_default_voice or created before, it will also be created. All samples started with al_play_sample will be stopped and all sample instances returned by al_lock_sample_id will be invalidated.

Returns true on success, false on error.

See also: al_get_default_mixer, al_set_default_mixer, al_reserve_samples.

al_get_default_voice

ALLEGRO_VOICE *al_get_default_voice(void)

Source Code

Returns the default voice or NULL if there is none.

Since: 5.1.13

See also: al_get_default_mixer

al_set_default_voice

void al_set_default_voice(ALLEGRO_VOICE *voice)

Source Code

You can call this before calling al_restore_default_mixer to provide the voice which should be used. Any previous voice will be destroyed. You can also pass NULL to destroy the current default voice.

Since: 5.1.13

See also: al_get_default_mixer

al_attach_mixer_to_mixer

bool al_attach_mixer_to_mixer(ALLEGRO_MIXER *stream, ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Attaches the mixer passed as the first argument onto the mixer passed as the second argument. The first mixer (that is going to be attached) must not already be attached to anything. Both mixers must use the same frequency, audio depth and channel configuration.

Returns true on success, false on error.

It is invalid to attach a mixer to itself.

See also: al_detach_mixer.

al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer

bool al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer(ALLEGRO_SAMPLE_INSTANCE *spl,
   ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Attach a sample instance to a mixer. The instance must not already be attached to anything.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_detach_sample_instance.

al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer

bool al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Attach an audio stream to a mixer. The stream must not already be attached to anything.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_detach_audio_stream.

al_get_mixer_frequency

unsigned int al_get_mixer_frequency(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return the mixer frequency (in Hz).

See also: al_set_mixer_frequency

al_set_mixer_frequency

bool al_set_mixer_frequency(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer, unsigned int val)

Source Code

Set the mixer frequency (in Hz). This will only work if the mixer is not attached to anything.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_mixer_frequency

al_get_mixer_channels

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF al_get_mixer_channels(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return the mixer channel configuration.

See also: ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF.

al_get_mixer_depth

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH al_get_mixer_depth(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return the mixer audio depth.

See also: ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH.

al_get_mixer_gain

float al_get_mixer_gain(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return the mixer gain (amplification factor). The default is 1.0.

Since: 5.0.6, 5.1.0

See also: al_set_mixer_gain.

al_set_mixer_gain

bool al_set_mixer_gain(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer, float new_gain)

Source Code

Set the mixer gain (amplification factor).

Returns true on success, false on failure.

Since: 5.0.6, 5.1.0

See also: al_get_mixer_gain

al_get_mixer_quality

ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY al_get_mixer_quality(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return the mixer quality.

See also: ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY, al_set_mixer_quality

al_set_mixer_quality

bool al_set_mixer_quality(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer, ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY new_quality)

Source Code

Set the mixer quality. This can only succeed if the mixer does not have anything attached to it.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: ALLEGRO_MIXER_QUALITY, al_get_mixer_quality

al_get_mixer_playing

bool al_get_mixer_playing(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return true if the mixer is playing.

See also: al_set_mixer_playing.

al_set_mixer_playing

bool al_set_mixer_playing(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer, bool val)

Source Code

Change whether the mixer is playing.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_mixer_playing.

al_get_mixer_attached

bool al_get_mixer_attached(const ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Return true if the mixer is attached to something.

See also: al_attach_sample_instance_to_mixer, al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer, al_attach_mixer_to_mixer, al_detach_mixer

al_detach_mixer

bool al_detach_mixer(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer)

Source Code

Detach the mixer from whatever it is attached to, if anything.

See also: al_attach_mixer_to_mixer.

al_set_mixer_postprocess_callback

bool al_set_mixer_postprocess_callback(ALLEGRO_MIXER *mixer,
   void (*pp_callback)(void *buf, unsigned int samples, void *data),
   void *pp_callback_userdata)

Source Code

Sets a post-processing filter function that's called after the attached streams have been mixed. The buffer's format will be whatever the mixer was created with. The sample count and user-data pointer is also passed.

Stream functions

al_create_audio_stream

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *al_create_audio_stream(size_t fragment_count,
   unsigned int frag_samples, unsigned int freq, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth,
   ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf)

Source Code

Creates an ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM. The stream will be set to play by default. It will feed audio data from a buffer, which is split into a number of fragments.

Parameters:

The choice of fragment_count, frag_samples and freq directly influences the audio delay. The delay in seconds can be expressed as:

delay = fragment_count * frag_samples / freq

This is only the delay due to Allegro's streaming, there may be additional delay caused by sound drivers and/or hardware.

Note: If you know the fragment size in bytes, you can get the size in samples like this:

sample_size = al_get_channel_count(chan_conf) * al_get_audio_depth_size(depth);
samples = bytes_per_fragment / sample_size;

The size of the complete buffer is:

buffer_size = bytes_per_fragment * fragment_count

Note: Unlike many Allegro objects, audio streams are not implicitly destroyed when Allegro is shut down. You must destroy them manually with al_destroy_audio_stream before the audio system is shut down.

al_destroy_audio_stream

void al_destroy_audio_stream(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Destroy an audio stream which was created with al_create_audio_stream or al_load_audio_stream.

Note: If the stream is still attached to a mixer or voice, al_detach_audio_stream is automatically called on it first.

See also: al_drain_audio_stream.

al_get_audio_stream_event_source

ALLEGRO_EVENT_SOURCE *al_get_audio_stream_event_source(
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Retrieve the associated event source.

See al_get_audio_stream_fragment for a description of the ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FRAGMENT event that audio streams emit.

al_drain_audio_stream

void al_drain_audio_stream(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

You should call this to finalise an audio stream that you will no longer be feeding, to wait for all pending buffers to finish playing. The stream's playing state will change to false.

See also: al_destroy_audio_stream

al_rewind_audio_stream

bool al_rewind_audio_stream(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Set the streaming file playing position to the beginning. Returns true on success. Currently this can only be called on streams created with al_load_audio_stream, al_load_audio_stream_f and the format-specific functions underlying those functions.

al_get_audio_stream_frequency

unsigned int al_get_audio_stream_frequency(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the stream frequency (in Hz).

al_get_audio_stream_channels

ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF al_get_audio_stream_channels(
   const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the stream channel configuration.

See also: ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF.

al_get_audio_stream_depth

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH al_get_audio_stream_depth(
   const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the stream audio depth.

See also: ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH.

al_get_audio_stream_length

unsigned int al_get_audio_stream_length(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the stream length in samples.

al_get_audio_stream_speed

float al_get_audio_stream_speed(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the relative playback speed of the stream.

See also: al_set_audio_stream_speed.

al_set_audio_stream_speed

bool al_set_audio_stream_speed(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, float val)

Source Code

Set the relative playback speed of the stream. 1.0 means normal speed.

Return true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the audio stream is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_speed.

al_get_audio_stream_gain

float al_get_audio_stream_gain(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the playback gain of the stream.

See also: al_set_audio_stream_gain.

al_set_audio_stream_gain

bool al_set_audio_stream_gain(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, float val)

Source Code

Set the playback gain of the stream.

Returns true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the audio stream is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_gain.

al_get_audio_stream_pan

float al_get_audio_stream_pan(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Get the pan value of the stream.

See also: al_set_audio_stream_pan.

al_set_audio_stream_pan

bool al_set_audio_stream_pan(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, float val)

Source Code

Set the pan value on an audio stream. A value of -1.0 means to play the stream only through the left speaker; +1.0 means only through the right speaker; 0.0 means the sample is centre balanced. A special value ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE disables panning and plays the stream at its original level. This will be louder than a pan value of 0.0.

Returns true on success, false on failure. Will fail if the audio stream is attached directly to a voice.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_pan, ALLEGRO_AUDIO_PAN_NONE

al_get_audio_stream_playing

bool al_get_audio_stream_playing(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return true if the stream is playing.

See also: al_set_audio_stream_playing.

al_set_audio_stream_playing

bool al_set_audio_stream_playing(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, bool val)

Source Code

Change whether the stream is playing.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_playing

al_get_audio_stream_playmode

ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE al_get_audio_stream_playmode(
   const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the playback mode of the stream.

See also: ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE, al_set_audio_stream_playmode.

al_set_audio_stream_playmode

bool al_set_audio_stream_playmode(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream,
   ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE val)

Source Code

Set the playback mode of the stream.

Returns true on success, false on failure.

See also: ALLEGRO_PLAYMODE, al_get_audio_stream_playmode.

al_get_audio_stream_attached

bool al_get_audio_stream_attached(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return whether the stream is attached to something.

See also: al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer, al_attach_audio_stream_to_voice, al_detach_audio_stream.

al_detach_audio_stream

bool al_detach_audio_stream(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Detach the stream from whatever it's attached to, if anything.

See also: al_attach_audio_stream_to_mixer, al_attach_audio_stream_to_voice, al_get_audio_stream_attached.

al_get_audio_stream_played_samples

uint64_t al_get_audio_stream_played_samples(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Get the number of samples consumed by the parent since the audio stream was started.

Since: 5.1.8

al_get_audio_stream_fragment

void *al_get_audio_stream_fragment(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

When using Allegro's audio streaming, you will use this function to continuously provide new sample data to a stream.

If the stream is ready for new data, the function will return the address of an internal buffer to be filled with audio data. The length and format of the buffer are specified with al_create_audio_stream or can be queried with the various functions described here. Once the buffer is filled, you must signal this to Allegro by passing the buffer to al_set_audio_stream_fragment.

If the stream is not ready for new data, the function will return NULL.

Note: If you listen to events from the stream, an ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_STREAM_FRAGMENT event will be generated whenever a new fragment is ready. However, getting an event is not a guarantee that al_get_audio_stream_fragment will not return NULL, so you still must check for it.

See also: al_set_audio_stream_fragment, al_get_audio_stream_event_source, al_get_audio_stream_frequency, al_get_audio_stream_channels, al_get_audio_stream_depth, al_get_audio_stream_length

al_set_audio_stream_fragment

bool al_set_audio_stream_fragment(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, void *val)

Source Code

This function needs to be called for every successful call of al_get_audio_stream_fragment to indicate that the buffer (pointed to by val) is filled with new data.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_fragment

al_get_audio_stream_fragments

unsigned int al_get_audio_stream_fragments(const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Returns the number of fragments this stream uses. This is the same value as passed to al_create_audio_stream when a new stream is created.

See also: al_get_available_audio_stream_fragments

al_get_available_audio_stream_fragments

unsigned int al_get_available_audio_stream_fragments(
   const ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Returns the number of available fragments in the stream, that is, fragments which are not currently filled with data for playback.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_fragment, al_get_audio_stream_fragments

al_seek_audio_stream_secs

bool al_seek_audio_stream_secs(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream, double time)

Source Code

Set the streaming file playing position to time. Returns true on success. Currently this can only be called on streams created with al_load_audio_stream, al_load_audio_stream_f and the format-specific functions underlying those functions.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_position_secs, al_get_audio_stream_length_secs

al_get_audio_stream_position_secs

double al_get_audio_stream_position_secs(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the position of the stream in seconds. Currently this can only be called on streams created with al_load_audio_stream.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_length_secs

al_get_audio_stream_length_secs

double al_get_audio_stream_length_secs(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream)

Source Code

Return the length of the stream in seconds, if known. Otherwise returns zero.

Currently this can only be called on streams created with al_load_audio_stream, al_load_audio_stream_f and the format-specific functions underlying those functions.

See also: al_get_audio_stream_position_secs

al_set_audio_stream_loop_secs

bool al_set_audio_stream_loop_secs(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *stream,
   double start, double end)

Source Code

Sets the loop points for the stream in seconds. Currently this can only be called on streams created with al_load_audio_stream, al_load_audio_stream_f and the format-specific functions underlying those functions.

al_set_audio_stream_channel_matrix

Source Code

Like al_set_sample_instance_channel_matrix but for streams.

Since: 5.2.3

Unstable API: New API.

Audio file I/O

al_register_sample_loader

bool al_register_sample_loader(const char *ext,
   ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *(*loader)(const char *filename))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_load_sample. The given function will be used to handle the loading of sample files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The loader argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_sample_loader_f, al_register_sample_saver

al_register_sample_loader_f

bool al_register_sample_loader_f(const char *ext,
   ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *(*loader)(ALLEGRO_FILE* fp))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_load_sample_f. The given function will be used to handle the loading of sample files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The loader argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_sample_loader

al_register_sample_saver

bool al_register_sample_saver(const char *ext,
   bool (*saver)(const char *filename, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_save_sample. The given function will be used to handle the saving of sample files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The saver argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_sample_saver_f, al_register_sample_loader

al_register_sample_saver_f

bool al_register_sample_saver_f(const char *ext,
   bool (*saver)(ALLEGRO_FILE* fp, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_save_sample_f. The given function will be used to handle the saving of sample files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The saver argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_sample_saver

al_register_audio_stream_loader

bool al_register_audio_stream_loader(const char *ext,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *(*stream_loader)(const char *filename,
      size_t buffer_count, unsigned int samples))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_load_audio_stream. The given function will be used to open streams from files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The stream_loader argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_audio_stream_loader_f

al_register_audio_stream_loader_f

bool al_register_audio_stream_loader_f(const char *ext,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *(*stream_loader)(ALLEGRO_FILE* fp,
      size_t buffer_count, unsigned int samples))

Source Code

Register a handler for al_load_audio_stream_f. The given function will be used to open streams from files with the given extension.

The extension should include the leading dot ('.') character. It will be matched case-insensitively.

The stream_loader argument may be NULL to unregister an entry.

Returns true on success, false on error. Returns false if unregistering an entry that doesn't exist.

See also: al_register_audio_stream_loader

al_load_sample

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *al_load_sample(const char *filename)

Source Code

Loads a few different audio file formats based on their extension.

Note that this stores the entire file in memory at once, which may be time consuming. To read the file as it is needed, use al_load_audio_stream.

Returns the sample on success, NULL on failure.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_register_sample_loader, al_init_acodec_addon

al_load_sample_f

ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *al_load_sample_f(ALLEGRO_FILE* fp, const char *ident)

Source Code

Loads an audio file from an ALLEGRO_FILE stream into an ALLEGRO_SAMPLE. The file type is determined by the passed 'ident' parameter, which is a file name extension including the leading dot.

Note that this stores the entire file in memory at once, which may be time consuming. To read the file as it is needed, use al_load_audio_stream_f.

Returns the sample on success, NULL on failure. The file remains open afterwards.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_register_sample_loader_f, al_init_acodec_addon

al_load_audio_stream

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *al_load_audio_stream(const char *filename,
   size_t buffer_count, unsigned int samples)

Source Code

Loads an audio file from disk as it is needed.

Unlike regular streams, the one returned by this function need not be fed by the user; the library will automatically read more of the file as it is needed. The stream will contain buffer_count buffers with samples samples.

The audio stream will start in the playing state. It should be attached to a voice or mixer to generate any output. See ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM for more details.

Returns the stream on success, NULL on failure.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_load_audio_stream_f, al_register_audio_stream_loader, al_init_acodec_addon

al_load_audio_stream_f

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM *al_load_audio_stream_f(ALLEGRO_FILE* fp, const char *ident,
   size_t buffer_count, unsigned int samples)

Source Code

Loads an audio file from ALLEGRO_FILE stream as it is needed.

Unlike regular streams, the one returned by this function need not be fed by the user; the library will automatically read more of the file as it is needed. The stream will contain buffer_count buffers with samples samples.

The file type is determined by the passed 'ident' parameter, which is a file name extension including the leading dot.

The audio stream will start in the playing state. It should be attached to a voice or mixer to generate any output. See ALLEGRO_AUDIO_STREAM for more details.

Returns the stream on success, NULL on failure. On success the file should be considered owned by the audio stream, and will be closed when the audio stream is destroyed. On failure the file will be closed.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_load_audio_stream, al_register_audio_stream_loader_f, al_init_acodec_addon

al_save_sample

bool al_save_sample(const char *filename, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Writes a sample into a file. Currently, wav is the only supported format, and the extension must be ".wav".

Returns true on success, false on error.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_save_sample_f, al_register_sample_saver, al_init_acodec_addon

al_save_sample_f

bool al_save_sample_f(ALLEGRO_FILE *fp, const char *ident, ALLEGRO_SAMPLE *spl)

Source Code

Writes a sample into a ALLEGRO_FILE filestream. Currently, wav is the only supported format, and the extension must be ".wav".

Returns true on success, false on error. The file remains open afterwards.

Note: the allegro_audio library does not support any audio file formats by default. You must use the allegro_acodec addon, or register your own format handler.

See also: al_save_sample, al_register_sample_saver_f, al_init_acodec_addon

Audio recording

Allegro's audio recording routines give you real-time access to raw, uncompressed audio input streams. Since Allegro hides all of the platform specific implementation details with its own buffering, it will add a small amount of latency. However, for most applications that small overhead will not adversely affect performance.

Recording is supported by the ALSA, AudioQueue, DirectSound8, and PulseAudio drivers. Enumerating or choosing other recording devices is not yet supported.

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER

typedef struct ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER;

Source Code

An opaque datatype that represents a recording device.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT

typedef struct ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT;

Source Code

Structure that holds the audio recorder event data. Every event type will contain:

The following will be available depending on the event type:

Since 5.1.1

See also: al_get_audio_recorder_event

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_create_audio_recorder

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *al_create_audio_recorder(size_t fragment_count,
   unsigned int samples, unsigned int frequency,
   ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH depth, ALLEGRO_CHANNEL_CONF chan_conf)

Source Code

Creates an audio recorder using the system's default recording device. (So if the returned device does not work, try updating the system's default recording device.)

Allegro will internally buffer several seconds of captured audio with minimal latency. (XXX: These settings need to be exposed via config or API calls.) Audio will be copied out of that private buffer into a fragment buffer of the size specified by the samples parameter. Whenever a new fragment is ready an event will be generated.

The total size of the fragment buffer is fragment_count * samples * bytes_per_sample. It is treated as a circular, never ending buffer. If you do not process the information fast enough, it will be overrun. Because of that, even if you only ever need to process one small fragment at a time, you should still use a large enough value for fragment_count to hold a few seconds of audio.

frequency is the number of samples per second to record. Common values are:

For maximum compatibility, use a depth of ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_UINT8 or ALLEGRO_AUDIO_DEPTH_INT16, and a single (mono) channel.

The recorder will not record until you start it with al_start_audio_recorder.

On failure, returns NULL.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_start_audio_recorder

bool al_start_audio_recorder(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *r)

Source Code

Begin recording into the fragment buffer. Once a complete fragment has been captured (as specified in al_create_audio_recorder), an ALLEGRO_EVENT_AUDIO_RECORDER_FRAGMENT event will be triggered.

Returns true if it was able to begin recording.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_stop_audio_recorder

void al_stop_audio_recorder(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *r)

Source Code

Stop capturing audio data. Note that the audio recorder is still active and consuming resources, so if you are finished recording you should destroy it with al_destroy_audio_recorder.

You may still receive a few events after you call this function as the device flushes the buffer.

If you restart the recorder, it will begin recording at the beginning of the next fragment buffer.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_is_audio_recorder_recording

bool al_is_audio_recorder_recording(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *r)

Source Code

Returns true if the audio recorder is currently capturing data and generating events.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_get_audio_recorder_event

ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT *al_get_audio_recorder_event(ALLEGRO_EVENT *event)

Source Code

Returns the event as an ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER_EVENT.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_get_audio_recorder_event_source

ALLEGRO_EVENT_SOURCE *al_get_audio_recorder_event_source(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *r)

Source Code

Returns the event source for the recorder that generates the various recording events.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

al_destroy_audio_recorder

void al_destroy_audio_recorder(ALLEGRO_AUDIO_RECORDER *r)

Source Code

Destroys the audio recorder and frees all resources associated with it. It is safe to destroy a recorder that is recording.

You may receive events after the recorder has been destroyed. They must be ignored, as the fragment buffer will no longer be valid.

Since: 5.1.1

Unstable API: The API may need a slight redesign.

Allegro version 5.2.3 (GIT) - Last updated: 2017-06-01 04:30:55 UTC